N-CoDe Lab

Neuroscience of Communication Development Lab


Stage 1 Registered Reports

Bains, A., Barber, A., Nell, T., Ripollés, P.*, & Krishnan, S*. (accepted in principle). Stage 1 Registered Report. The role of intrinsic reward in adolescent word learning. Developmental Science. https://doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/HKN54 [* indicates shared senior authorship]

Parker, A., Krishnan, S., Thompson, P. A., Watkins, K. E., & Bishop, D. V. M. (accepted in principle). Stage 1 Registered Report. Impact of stimulus variability on the understanding of reversible sentences in children with Developmental Language Disorder: learning vs generalisation. Language Development Research. https://osf.io/pabzm 



Zaka, H., Selvarajah, B., Evans, S. E., Ripollés, P., & Krishnan, S. (submitted). The influence of intrinsic reward on word learning in oral and written contexts. PsyArXiv. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/5kswr 

Associated material: Data

Wiltshire, C., Chesters, J., Krishnan, S., Healy, M., & Watkins, K.E. (2020). An fMRI study of initiation and inhibition of manual responses in people who stutter. bioRxiv. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.09.07.286013



Bains, A., Spaulding, C., Ricketts, J., & Krishnan, S. (in press). Using a willingness-to-wait design to assess how readers value text. npj Science of Learning.

Associated material: Data | Preprint



Krishnan, S., Cler, G. J., Smith, H.J., Willis, H.E., Asaridou, S. S., Healy, M. P., Papp, D. & Watkins, K. E. (2022). Quantitative MRI reveals differences in striatal myelin in children with DLD. eLife

Associated material: Preprint

Alderson-Day, B., Moffatt, J., Lima, C., Krishnan, S., Fernyhough, C., Scott, S.K., Denton, S., Leong, Y.T., Oncel, A., Wu, Y.-L., Gurbuz, G., & Evans, S. (in press). Susceptibility to auditory hallucinations is associated with spontaneous but not directed modulation of top-down expectations for speech. Neuroscience of Consciousness. https://doi.org/10.1093/nc/niac002

Associated material: Preprint



Cler, G. J., Krishnan, S., Papp, D., Wiltshire, C. E., Chesters, J. & Watkins, K. E. (2021). Elevated iron concentration in putamen and cortical speech motor network in developmental stuttering. Brain. https://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awab283 

Associated material: Preprint

Krishnan, S., Carey, D., Dick, F., & Pearce, M. (2021). Effects of statistical learning in passive and active contexts on reproduction and recognition of auditory sequences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. https://doi.org/10.1037/xge0001091 

Associated material: Behavioural data | Preprint 

Garvin, B. & Krishnan, S. (in press). Curiosity-driven learning in adults with and without dyslexia. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1177/17470218211037474 

Associated material: Data | Preprint



Krishnan, S., Asaridou, S.S., Cler, G.J., Smith, H., Willis, H., Healy, M. P., Thompson, P. A., Bishop, D.V.M., & Watkins, K. E. (2021). Stage 2 Registered Report. Functional organisation for verb generation in developmental language disorders. NeuroImage, 226, 117599https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.117599 [won the BPS Neil O’Connor Prize]

Associated material: Behavioural data and code | Raw neuroimaging data | Group maps



Krishnan, S., & Watkins, K.E. (2019). A challenge for the procedural deficit hypothesis: how should we measure sequential learning in childhood? Developmental Sciencehttps://doi.org/10.1111/desc.12815



Krishnan, S., Evans, S., Lima, C., Chen, S., Guldner, S., Manly, T., & Scott, S.K. (2018). Beatboxers and guitarists engage sensorimotor fields when listening to the instruments they can play. Cerebral Cortexhttps://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhy208

Associated material: Stimuli | Group maps

Krishnan, S., Sellars, E., Wood, H., Bishop, D. V. M., & Watkins, K. E.. (2018). The influence of feedback on phonological and semantic components in word learning. Royal Society Open Sciencehttp://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.171496

Associated material: Raw data and code

Dick, F. & Krishnan, S. (2018). What underlies the emergence of stimulus- and domain-specific neural responses? Commentary on Hernandez et al. (2018). Journal of Neuroliguistics.



Krishnan, S., Watkins, K.E., & Bishop, D.V.M. (2017). The role of recall, reproduction, and restudy in word learning: a pre-registered study. BMC Psychology. 5(28), 1-14. http://rdcu.be/uLoj

Data accessibility: Raw data and code

Alderson-Day, B., Lima, C., Evans, S., Krishnan, S., Shamulingham, P., Fernyhough, C., & Scott, S.K. (2017). Distinct Processing of Ambiguous Speech in People with Non-Clinical Auditory Verbal Hallucinations. Brainhttps://doi.org/10.1093/brain/awx206

Carey, D., Krishnan, S., Callaghan, M. F., Sereno, M. I., & Dick, F. (2017). Functional and quantitative MRI mapping of somatomotor representations of human supralaryngeal vocal tract. Cerebral Cortex27(1), 265-278. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhw393

Krishnan, S., Alcock, K. J., Carey, D., Bergström, L., Karmiloff-Smith, A., & Dick, F. (2017). Fractionating nonword repetition: The contributions of short-term memory and oromotor praxis are different. PLoS One12(7), e0178356. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0178356

Bishop, D. V., Snowling, M. J., Thompson, P. A., Greenhalgh, T., & the CATALISE-2 consortium (2017). Phase 2 of CATALISE: a multinational and multidisciplinary Delphi consensus study of problems with language development: Terminology. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. [as a member of the CATALISE2 consortium]  doi:10.1111/jcpp.12721



Krishnan, S., Watkins, K. E., & Bishop, D.V.M. (2016). Neurobiological basis of language learning difficulties. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 20(9), 701-714.  doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2016.06.012

Lima, C., Krishnan, S., & Scott, S.K. (2016). Roles of the supplementary motor areas in auditory processing and imagery. Trends in Neurosciences. 39(8), 527-542. doi: 10.1016/j.tins.2016.06.003

Bishop, D.V.M., Snowling, M.J., Thompson, P.A., Greenhalgh, T., & the CATALISE consortium (2016). CATALISE: a multinational and multidisciplinary Delphi consensus study. Identifying language impairments in children. PloS One. 11(7), e0158753. [as a member of the CATALISE consortium]  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0158753



Krishnan, S., Leech, R., Mercure E., Lloyd-Fox, S., & Dick, F. (2015). Convergent and divergent fMRI responses in children and adults to increasing language production demands. Cerebral Cortex. 25(10), 3261-3277. doi:10.1093/cercor/bhu120

Associated material: Stimuli

Carey, D., Rosen, S., Krishnan, S., Pearce, M.T., Shepherd, A.,  Aydelott, J., & Dick, F. (2015). Generality and specificity in the effects of musical expertise on perception and cognition. Cognition. 137, 81-105. [PDF]

Krishnan, S., Bergstrom, L., Alcock, K.J., Dick, F. & Karmiloff-Smith, A. (2015). Williams syndrome: a surprising deficit in oromotor praxis in a population with proficient language production. Neuropsychologia, 67, 82-90doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.11.032

Dick, F., Krishnan, S., Leech, R., Curtin, S. (2015). Language Development. In G. Hickok & S. Small (Eds.). Neurobiology of Language, 1st Edition. Academic Press. [PDF]

Dick, F., Krishnan, S., Leech, R., & Saygin, A. (2015). Environmental Sounds. In G. Hickok & S. Small (Eds.). Neurobiology of Language, 1st Edition. Academic Press. [PDF]



James, P.J., Krishnan, S., & Aydelott, J. (2014). Working memory predicts semantic comprehension in dichotic listening in older adults. Cognition, 133(1), 32-42. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2014.05.014[PDF]



Krishnan, S., Alcock. K.J., Mercure, E., Leech, R., Barker, E., Karmiloff-Smith, A., & Dick, F. (2013). Articulating novel words: Oromotor contributions to individual differences in nonword repetition. J Speech Lang Hear Res, 56(6), 1800-1812. doi: 10.1044/1092-4388(2013/12-0206). [Final accepted version available here]

Krishnan, S., Leech, R., Aydelott, J., & Dick, F., (2013) School-age children’s and adults’ identification of environmental sound objects in natural auditory scenes. Hearing Research, 300, 46-55. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2013.03.003

Krishnan, S. (2013). A developmental perspective on the integration of language production and comprehension. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 35 -36. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X12001495